Saturday, August 8, 2009

football pitch

Laws were formulated in England, and were initially administered by the four British football associations within IFAB, the standard dimensions of a football pitch were expressed in imperial units. The Laws now express dimensions with approximate metric equivalents which are followed by traditional units in brackets, though popular use tends to continue to use traditional units in English - speaking countries with a relatively recent history of metrication, such as Great Britain. The length of the pitch for international adult matches is in the range 110–120 yd and the width is in the range 70–80 yd. Fields for non-international matches may be 100–130 yd length and 50–101 yd in width, provided that the pitch does not become square.Since 2006, In order to standardize the size of the football pitch for A international matches, the IFAB has decided to set a fixed size of 105 m long and 68 m wide (instead of a minimum and maximum length – from 100  to 110 m – and a minimum and a maximum width – from 64  to 75 m. The longer boundary lines are touch lines, while the shorter boundaries on which the goals are placed are called goal lines. A rectangular goal is positioned at the middle of the each goal line.

In front of each goal is an area known as the area penalty . This area is marked by the goal line, two lines starting on the goal line 18 yd from the goalposts and extending 18 yd into the pitch perpendicular to the goal line joining them. This area has a number of functions, the prominent being to mark where the goalkeeper may handle the ball and where a penalty foul by a member of the  team defending becomes punishable by a penalty kick. Other markings define the position of the players at kick-offs, goal kicks, penalty and corner kicks.


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